Just about the reply to the anon who asked about Muslim girls wearing hijab at home:
You stated that Muslims pray five times a day (with the exception of periods). While that is true, and what is supposed to happen, many of my Muslim friends don’t take notice of this at all, and generally only pray 2 or 3 times a week, either at a mosque with their family or in their Islamic Education classes at school. (note: I am a teenager at a British school in the UAE. This probably only happens in schools following international cirricula)
Also, from the ask, it seems like the anon is trying to write a Muslim character who is surrounded by non-muslims, where she feels less obligated to wear the hijab. Also, whether or not she wears the hijab can depend on where her family is originally from. For example, if they are from Gulf nations, you can be almost certain that she would wear the hijab at least around conservative family members, if she isn’t persuaded to wear it full-time. However, if the family originally is from places like Jordan or Lebanon, where there is greater religious diversity (like Turkey, as you mentioned), most Muslims there don’t wear hijab or dress particularly conservatively.
As a general rule (from my own personal observations), Muslims in places with greater religious diversity among the locals tend not to wear the hijab, even if the country they are in is Muslim-majority (e.g.: Jordan). In contrast, places with low religious diversity among the local population tend to enforce the hijab (e.g.: Saudi Arabia and Indonesia). However, even in countries with a high expatriate or foreigner population, (like the UAE, where I am), if the local population is predominantly Muslim, most women will wear the hijab.
Of course where you grew up/whether your family is liberal or not also has a huge effect on whether you choose to wear the hijab, but in the end it is (supposed to be) a personal decision. Also, if you choose to wear the hijab, you’re expected to cover up everywhere else too. Be mindful of that.
*I would have submitted this through the ‘ask’ box but it was closed; thought this was important to send though anyway. Sorry if you already know this!
All of your observations stem from different Muslims practicing Islam in different ways. No matter which country a person is practicing in, you still find examples of religious diversity down to the way people dress.
I am concerned that a lot of your statements carry a Western, orientalist undertone colored by outside observations on Islam, and a narrow population to observe.
For instance, my friends are from Indonesia and Malaysia, and on their trips back from visiting their grandparents, they have described how the West pictures these places as full of hijaab-wearing women; when, in reality, women often choose not to wear it except to masjids, where the majority of these pictures and depictions stem from.
In addition, choosing to wear the hijab doesn’t necessarily mean covering up in the manner of a burka or abaya, as I believe you are implying with “elsewhere”. From visiting Saudi Arabia and having close friends in UAE, I understand that there is more of a norm there and regulation on being covered, but that area of the world is not a representative of the cultures that practice Islam.
I would advise that you read a little more on religious diversity within Islam, and not conflate your personal experience and observations within UAE globally, or over Muslim voices.